The attacks in Paris made my heart go out to Dutch citizens with a Moroccan or Turkish ethnic background. What influence does all this have on them?
Ethnic and religious antagonisms are not givens, but the outcome of historical and political processes. Borders, as human-made conveyors of state-oriented conceptual frameworks, play a central role in shaping these.
Belonging is a contested issue in the Netherlands. Those who define their identity in ethnic terms are treated with distrust. Why do individuals at times define themselves as ‘Moroccan’ or ‘Turkish’ and does it really make them any less Dutch?